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beachgoers at scenic rock

Beach at Castel di Tusa

Castel Di Tusa

One of Sicily's many secrets

Brief History of Sicily

People have lived in the island as far back as 10,000 years B.C.

The Sicanis, from the Iberian Peninsula, arrived in Sicily about 4,000 B.C., and settled primarily on the central and western parts of the island. The Sikels followed, around 1,200 B.C., from the Italian peninsula and settled in the eastern part. The Elymnians, Greeks from Asia Minor, reputed refugees from the diaspora of Troy, established their enclaves around 600 B.C.

Evidence of Phoenicians, from Lebanon, has been established in several parts of the island. They dominated the island prior to the arrival of the Greeks. The Roman Empire wrestled the island from the Greeks and Carthaginians (descendants of the Phoenicians) and remained the undisputed rulers until the 7th century A.D.

More about Castel Di Tusa

Overview | Cuisine | Information | Daytrips

coastline at Castel di Tusa


CASTEL DI TUSA is the perfect destination for an extended vacation in Sicily and for exploring the intriguing history and unique culture of the largest island in the greater Mediterranean Sea. Best time to visit the island is in the Fall and Spring. You can use the destination as home base for exploring and savoring the history, culture, traditions, natural surroundings, and unmatched cuisine. [more]


The island is blessed with a superb cuisine, the product of centuries of experimentation and external influences. In season, fried peppers, pickled artichokes, sautéed mushrooms, tuna, assorted olives, calamari and octopus salad, zucchini, and eggplant (fried, pickled, stuffed) dominate the antipasto table. Unique to Sicily, are several pasta dishes: pasta with fresh sardines and wild fennel, pasta with cauliflower and pasta with squid ink sauce are a few examples... [more]

sunset in Castel di Tusa

Weather, Getting There, Information

Sicily enjoys the Mediterranean climate, hot and humid during the summer, mild and drier during fall and spring (in the 70-80 range), and on the chilly side during the winter months.

There are daily flights to and from the Italian Peninsula, Germany, and Great Britain to the island’s three main airports. Palermo’s Punta Raisi airport... [more]

sea urchins in boxes on table fresh from sea

Day Trips

Day trips can be made to historical Greco-Roman ruins in Tyndaris, Taormina, Segesta, Selinunte, Piazza Armerina, Syracuse, and Agrigento.

Day trips, from nearby Cefalù and Milazzo, to the nearby volcanic Aeolian Islands... [more]

Over the past 1,500 years, Arabs, Normans, Vandals, Goths, Byzantines, Swabians (Germans), Angevins (French), Albanians, Spanish, Jewish, and Italians have settled in Sicily. You will find many locals with brown hair and dark eyes and a significant number with red and blondish hair and blue eyes. As a result, there is no easy definition or description of its people.

Sicilians have multicultural, multiethnic roots. The many invasions from Europe, Asia and Africa ended in the Middle Ages, leaving behind a monoglot melting pot.

The Sicilian language, more than a dialect, once vibrant is slowly dying out, as younger generations are becoming more integrated into Italian Society. The language has its principal roots in the Greek, Latin and Arabic languages. Today, it still flourishes in songs, poetry, and plays. Festivals celebrate the island’s culture and traditions year-around. Many unique Sicilian customs and rituals survive to this day.

Sicily is now an autonomous region of Italy. Palermo is its capital. There are nine provinces: Palermo, Messina, Catania, Syracuse, Ragusa, Agrigento, Trapani, Enna, and Caltanissetta.

Sicilians are a hospitable and friendly people.



Weather, Getting There, Information

Day Trips

Brief History of Sicily